Asian and African countries belonging to the subtropical region enjoy a moderate climate, an abundance of water and natural energy through the year, and a variety of plants and animals grow wild in the land and the sea.
In this project, we consider natural sources existing in partner countries to be the most important factor in the production of medicine. We will search for target compounds and analyze their structure, by screening biologically active natural products. Additionally we will design a functional molecule and create a process of retrieving a large supply of target compounds based on the bioprospecting strategy. (Bioprospecting is the search for potentially useful organic compounds in living things that will have some pharmaceutical or medical use.) By operating these researches, we will focus on the basis of academic researches which are necessary for the development of the pharmaceutical and medical products industry in partner countries.
(1) Development of New Antitumor Agents based on Marine Natural Products
Secondary metabolites compounds extracted from marine sources have attracted the attention of researchers world over as new medicinal products. Among these compounds we will develop pharmaceutical and drug discovery research for Isoquinoline Alkaloids, that is expected to have a different structure from conventional antitumor agents. We will build a new medical industry in partner countries, with the technological development to cultivate marine organisms.
(2) Developments of New Anticoagulants and Anti-VEGF
This research topic is the detection of a novel neurotoxin component that includes anticoagulant in snake venom which contains biopolymer components. From the research results, we will produce new types of functional substances by means of making the molecule design and synthesis of bio-functional substances.
(3) Molecular Epidemiological Investigation of Emerging Infectious Diseases and Development of Novel Diagnosis
With this topic, we will try to create the efficacious therapeutic methods for the Emerging Infectious Diseases including AIDS and Tuberculosis, which have been prevalent in the subtropical regions. We will carry on the development of rapid diagnostic agents and effective therapeutic drugs, along with a new approach of the molecular epidemiology.
(4) Medicinal Chemistry on Biologically Active Natural Products from Traditional Condiments and Medicines
From the viewpoint that drugs and food are of the same origin, a variety of original spices are used for daily consumption in partner countries. They are considered to have preventive effects against many diseases. So we will promote general research for medicinal discovery such as random screening based on spices, selecting target molecule, chemical modification applied with synthetic chemical methods and evaluation in molecule structural screens.
3.Needs and Importance
Since the Convention Act on Biological Diversity was put into effect, all living creatures have been prohibited from being removed out of their countries of origin without permission. With an abundance of natural energy, a number of natural sources which might be a great source of potentioal drugs for a wide range of diseases, have yet been discovered. It would be better for countries to develop their own natural sources, by researchers of their native regions.
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